Thailand urbanization level change in China, 2011 Thailand a total population of 64 million, of which two 5, namely 25 million people, the rural population engaged in agriculture labor is 15 million, agricultural contribution to GDP in Thailand is only one 5 or so. Thai kingdom only metropolis is capital, Bangkok. For the population structure, Thailand is still an agricultural country.
Thai embassy in agriculture with the counselor dei board? O, MuChu introduced, over the past ten years, due to urban sprawl, industrial and traffic land, Thailand cultivable land is continuing to reduce; And the younger generation was born in the countryside, because of the education degree is higher, more than most engaged in agriculture.
According to the academy of the Thailand, "a book introduction, Thailand is still there is a big gap between urban and rural areas, and especially in Bangkok and other areas in the gap between the most outstanding, the main reason is various industry more concentrated in Bangkok.
Therefore, Thailand also has some people in order to seek better employment and education opportunities, enjoy better culture, medical facilities and so on, the choice from the countryside immigrant city.
Thailand official figures show that in 2009 the domestic immigration for 2 million, which includes not only the city looking for work, school, purchase and family reunion, and also include from the town of the people.
Whether the city looking for a job, or to return to country life, this is Thailand civil liberties. Thai constitution clearly stipulates, the citizens in the land of Thailand have action and choose to live site free.
Since 1932, the establishment of constitutional monarchy so far, Thailand has a version of the constitution, and the constitution to the 2007 version. But no matter how to change the constitution, from the first constitution beginning, citizens' freedom of movement rights in the constitution never waver.
Freedom of movement, in Thailand means that citizens can choose in-country any city or country, live, work, can choose to transfer account, can also choose to keep the original registered account, all by individual desire.
Thailand also have the household registration system, but to Thailand people, census register is just a paper identity certificate only. No matter where the household register, Thailand citizens could in the political, social, and cultural aspects of the enjoy basic equal rights.
From 1956 now king ramah world was nine, Thailand began to implement the household registration system. In 1972 began to Thailand paper registered permanent residence, and now has to realize most of the digital and computer networking.
Mainlanders to transfer accounts to Bangkok, there are two ways: one is as long as can afford the house prices in Bangkok, in Bangkok, can transfer the account; The second is have the registered permanent residence of Bangkok, would like to receive you, also can put the census register transfer to received by name.
For to deal with registered permanent residence transfer procedures, in the absence of the digital before 2007, Thailand people need someone to help deal with the original registered; But now networking office, only with id card, hu kou book to the local administrative departments of census register, a hour can be done within.
Thailand also have id card, as well as basic realize the digitization.
Thailand's id card, in addition to the card on the surface of the personal basic information, and bar code and metal chips. Where do you come from, where is the household register, all previous change id photos and information, can through the card reader display. In addition, the latest version of the id card will also increase the tax record function.
So long as has the id card, Thailand citizens in where can be handling marriage registration, etc. Thailand id six years in time, also need not back due to deal with, in the local can be realized.
Although the change in Thailand household is so easy, but did not appear a large number of foreigners in Bangkok for the registered permanent residence of things, a simple reason is that have Bangkok census register, this does not mean that we can enjoy more than people in other parts of the more and better treatment.
In Thailand, the household registration system is mainly used to count populations and know the distribution of population, the government in providing education, medical care and other resources to allocate financial budget. The household registration system in Thailand's main function is to help the government to provide better service to all the people.
Provincial in Bangkok Thailand citizens live, work, but not the registered permanent residence of Bangkok, whether political rights, children education rights, or medical treatment, such as social security rights, will not be affected.
For Thai people, and census register related most closely is the right to vote. Catch up with the election year, not the registered permanent residence of Bangkok Thailand citizens, can back to registered to vote, in Bangkok to vote for words, need to advance to the local election commission registration, said the reason, and then can be in polling day one to two weeks, attend designed to include all over the world is not registered in Thailand for citizens to vote in advance.
Of course, different vote, still counted in the census register seat selection. For new settle in the registered permanent residence of residents, it must be in the polling day 3 months ago finish transfer formalities.
For their children to school, Thailand provide 12 years of free compulsory education, in addition to the extremely individual's top school, most schools have no census register restrictions, all over the country to the registered permanent residence of students.
Students generally choose came near to the entrance, or choose parents work unit near the school, high school at the beginning of the school may have problems. Parents consider more, not of distance, but the school education quality how to.
Education quality is good schools, it is usually set up certain quota: such as 50% of the quota for the students, no entrance exam directly; 10% of the quota for school students have registered permanent residence, but must participate in the local basic education committee group woven draw, smoke can be enrolled in directly; The remaining 40% quota to do not have family or census register in the district and draw not of students, the best to pass the exam. Each school quota how to set up, how much proportion, by no means an isolated case.
For fame very big school, due to the participating quota is limited, even Bangkok native is also reacted, the school often don't consider census register, but through the unified exam contest mobility.
And examination of university is completely no household register, and facing the whole country candidates. There are two kinds of general university admission ways, one is the school organization in advance of the independent recruitment, the selection of the best students. The second is the unified national examination, admission results from high school three years average score (GPA) and unified exam achievement composition.
For medical insurance, etc.
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